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6 Ways to Help Your Child’s Emotional Development

Emotional ability is an important life skill. Children with high emotional abilities tend to have more friends, perform better at school, and are more likely to help others.

Emotional ability consists of three components: understanding, expression, and regulation. And these are all things that parents can help their children master. One way for children to understand is to talk to their parents about them. So here are six phrases to help your child's emotional development.

1. It's OK to feel what you are feeling

Children and adolescents worry about not being “normal”, a feeling that stems from a need to fit in. To begin with, young children mostly want to fit in with their family. Then, as they grow, the need to fit in with their peers grows stronger.

By telling them that it's OK to feel whatever it is they are feeling, we are normalising  their . We are telling them that there is nothing “weird” about them, and they fit in just fine.

2. How you feel right now won't last forever

are not permanent, and children need to understand that feelings have a beginning and an end. Importantly, children should also learn that not only will an emotion pass, but that until that happens, its intensity will decrease.

By understanding this, children will be able to cope better with their emotions. This is especially important in the case of negative emotions, the feeling of not being able to deal with them may lead to harmful behaviour.

3. Don't let your feelings control you

Although we can't totally control our emotions, we can to a large extent influence which emotions we have, we experience them, we express them. This is called emotional regulation and is best achieved by changing the way we think about our feelings.

This is possible because the situations we face don't automatically cause specific emotions. Instead, the emotions we feel depend on our evaluation of those situations. For example, a teenager applying for a summer job interview can view the experience as a pass/fail experience or as an opportunity to learn. It is the evaluation of the experience – something we can control – which will influence the way we feel about it.

4. Let's put a name to your feeling

Children are not always able to name the feelings they experience. But it is important that we help children put a label on their emotions because by doing so they tend to feel better. Studies  analysing adult brain activity show that by naming feelings of anger and sadness, the amygdala (the part of the brain that deals with emotions) becomes less active. This in turn reduces the intensity of our emotional responses and makes us feel better.

5. Why are you behaving this way? Let's think about how you are feeling

Our behaviours stem from our emotions, so children need to understand the link between the two. By achieving this understanding, children are better able to predict and regulate their own behaviours and the behaviours of those around them.

For example, if a child knows that he is angry with his brother he usually hits him. The next time this happens, he will be better equipped to regulate himself and not lash out.

6. No matter what you feel, I am here for you

This is perhaps the most important thing that we can tell our children to help them develop their emotional competence. Children experience many different emotions and some of them are accompanied by guilt or shame.

If, for example, a teenager falls in love with his best friend's girlfriend, he may feel ashamed or guilty. By telling him that no matter what he feels we are there for him, he will feel secure enough to talk about those emotions, which in turn will help him to process them effectively, helping his overall mental health.


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